Enlarged ovaries with peripherally arranged follicles and echogenic stroma can indicate polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to HealthTap doctors. PCOS is a result of a hormone imbalance due to small cysts on the ovaries, explains WebMD.
WebMD notes that over time, the condition can lead to health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. Women with PCOS make more male sex hormones than normal, which can stop ovulation, increase acne and increase growth of facial and body hair. The body may start having problems using insulin, which causes blood sugar levels to go up and increases the chance of getting diabetes. The cause of PCOS is not fully understood, but genetics seem to be a contributing factor.
Early symptoms associated with PCOS include acne, weight gain, extra hair on the face and body and thinning hair on the scalp, notes WebMD. Women may also start to get irregular periods and experience fertility problems. Doctors diagnose the condition by conducting a physical exam and ordering lab tests to test hormones. Treatment of PCOS includes symptom reduction and disease progression through lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy foods and weight control. Doctors may also prescribe medications to balance hormone levels and reduce symptoms.