Klebsiella in the urine indicates the presence of an infection associated with klebsiella bacteria. Some common infections associated with this type of bacteria include wound infections, urinary tract infections and pneumonia, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Klebsiella is a genus of bacteria named after the 19th-century German microbiologist Edwin Klebs, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Of the several species of klebsiella, K. pneumoniae is the most prevalent and clinically important, notes UpToDate. This type of bacteria is normally found in the mouths and intestines of humans, where they do not cause illness. K. pneumoniae can cause infections of the urinary tract, upper and lower respiratory tracts and the liver. Infections with K. pneumoniae are most common in patients with weakened immune systems and are most often found in hospitals and long-term care facilities.
Klebsiella is detected in the urine by lab urinalysis. This test is performed as part of a general panel of lab studies or as part of a specific diagnostic workup determined by patient history and physical examination, explains iTriage. Ultimately, a klebsiella infection diagnosis is made on the basis of blood, urine and sputum cultures. Antibiotics are used to treat klebsiella infections, with the length of treatment dependent on the severity of the infection.