Scleral melanocytosis, amelanotic conjunctival nevi and scleral thinning are three eye conditions associated with gray spots on the whites of eyes, explains EyeSmart. The first two are benign conditions but still require monitoring by an eye health professional because they are associated with potential development of eye diseases.Continue Reading
Ocular melanocytosis is a congenital condition that manifests as slate-gray or bluish patchiness on the sclera, the white portion of the eye, explains the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Although the condition itself is benign, individuals with it have a higher incidence of glaucoma and are at a higher risk for melanoma. Slate-gray patches caused by scleral melanocytosis are especially common in African-American and Asian children.
A nevus, such as one seen in individuals with amelanotic conjunctival nevi, is a pigmented growth on the eye that is usually benign, notes EyeSmart. However, nevi can develop into eye cancer, called ocular melanoma, in uncommon cases. People with nevi should have the growths monitored by a health care professional to ensure early detection if cancer develops.
Thinning of the sclera can occur as a result of defects in the way the body synthesizes collagen, explains the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Some defects that can lead to this condition include Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Marfan's syndrome and osteogenesis imperfecta.Learn more about Vision
Cholesterol spots on the eyes are known as xanthelasma palpebra, according to the U.S. Library of Medicine. It is a common form of xanthoma and may appear without any underlying medical condition. In some cases, the cholesterol spots are a sign of elevated blood lipids in the body.Full Answer >
Age-related eye changes are the most common cause of dark spots in the eyes, or floaters, though inflammation in the back of the eye, bleeding in the eye and a torn retina also cause the condition, notes Mayo Clinic. People who notice a sudden increase in the number of floaters, especially if accompanied by light flashes or loss of peripheral vision, should contact a medical professional immediately.Full Answer >
According to optometrist Troy Bedinghaus, red spots on the whites of the eyes might be caused by bursting of small blood vessels, inflammation of episclera, sickle cell anemia, inflammation of pinguecula, conjunctival hemangioma or cancerous growths. These red spots are harmless in some cases, but signal a disease in others.Full Answer >
Eye freckles, or choroidal nevi, are flat, benign pigmented areas that occur on the back of the eye. Also called eye nevi, they are relatively uncommon and can only be seen by an eye-care specialist during an eye exam.Full Answer >