Bright red blood in the stool can be an indication of several conditions, including an anal fissure, polyps, diverticula, Crohn's disease, hemorrhoids, ulcerative colitis, angiodysplasia and cancer, among other conditions. Presence of blood in the stool means that a person is bleeding in the digestive tract. Sometimes the blood can only be detected after a fecal occult test, as stated by WebMD.
A person who is experiencing heavy bleeding should seek immediate medical attention. Some people tend to assume that the bleeding is due to hemorrhoids, therefore avoiding a medical checkup. Hemorrhoids are the most common cause of bleeding in the digestive tract. However, a person should get a medical checkup to clear the doubts.
The doctor may perform one or more tests to determine the main cause of the bleeding. There are several tests that one may undergo, including a colonoscopy, enteroscopy, barium X-ray, nasogastric lavage, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, radionuclide scanning, laparotomy and angiography. These tests help to identify the underlying cause of the bleeding, thus helping with treatment.
The treatment of the bleeding will depend on the cause. Polyps may need surgery to be removed, as stated by WebMD. Antibiotics may be used to treat H. pylori and a person may use anti-inflammatory medications to treat colitis. The doctor may advise the patient to eat foods rich in fiber, which helps in relieving constipation.