Women experience missed or delayed menstrual periods for a variety of reasons ranging from pregnancy to sudden weight loss or gain. According to WebMD, women in the midst of perimenopause, a biological stage leading up to menopause, often experience delayed menstrual periods.Continue Reading
The parenting and pregnancy information website What to Expect explains that the reasons for a delayed period include anything that affects the body's fat cells. Women who suddenly lose or gain weight often experience amenorrhea, another term for a late menstrual period. This is because women who lose a great deal of weight often do not have enough healthy fat cells to generate estrogen, while women who gain significant weight frequently experience disruptions to normal hormone function.
Other causes of a late period, according to What to Expect, include eating disorders, stress and excessive exercise, all of which are capable of disrupting normal hormone function. Women with under-active thyroid glands sometimes experience disruptions to their bodies' production of prolactin, a hormone required for ovulation and normal menstrual function. Certain medications, such as anti-depressants and corticosteroids, also frequently affect the menstrual cycle leading to delayed periods. Women with hormone imbalances caused by conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, often skip periods altogether.
WebMD urges women not to jump to conclusions when their periods are late and to consult a doctor if they are concerned.Learn more about Pregnancy
The Mayo Clinic lists a number of ways to help prevent and minimize the effects of varicose veins during pregnancy, including elevating the legs, changing positions frequently, keeping weight gain under control, staying hydrated to prevent constipation and wearing support pantyhose. These methods help support healthy blood flow from the legs to the heart and prevent unnecessary added pressure on the blood vessels in the lower body.Full Answer >
Breakthrough bleeding, or abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, can be a sign of pregnancy, but there are also other factors that can cause this symptom to occur, according to WebMD. Breakthrough bleeding can occur early in pregnancy when the fertilized egg implants itself on the uterine lining, explains Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
A pregnancy due date calendar predicts a baby's birth date by using the starting date of the mother's last menstrual period and adding 280 days, or 40 weeks, according to Perinatology.com. If a woman is sure of the date of conception, the calendar calculates the due date by adding 266 days or 38 weeks to the date of conception. Calculators on the websites for The Bump, What to Expect and BabyCenter may be used to estimate due dates.Full Answer >
A conception calculator is a simple method of estimating the gestational age of a pregnancy by placing the date of conception at the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, explains BabyMed. It is impossible to identify the date of conception for certain, but the conception calculator is the best method for a pregnancy older than 8 to 10 weeks, according to the American Pregnancy Association.Full Answer >