The number of years it takes for a person to develop stage 5 kidney failure varies, although the disease progresses slowly over many years, explains DaVita. If a patient is diagnosed with early-stage chronic kidney disease, medication and lifestyle changes are used to slow down the progression of the disease.
Stage 5 chronic kidney disease, also known as end-stage kidney disease, requires the patient to undergo kidney dialysis on a regular basis, according to DaVita. Patients who are diagnosed with stage 5 chronic kidney disease exhibit symptoms such as ankle swelling, fatigue, changes in skin color and low urine output. Patients have frequent dialysis treatments to clean toxins from the blood that the kidneys are no longer able to process, and kidney transplant is the only other treatment option at this stage in the disease.