How Many Different Types of Heart Diseases Are There?


Quick Answer

There are at least five different types of heart diseases, including rheumatic, ischemic, hypertensive and inflammatory heart disease. Other types of heart diseases include congenital heart disease, cerebrovascular heart disease and heart failure, according to the World Heart Federation.

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Full Answer

Rheumatic heart disease occurs when streptococcal bacteria precipitates rheumatic fever and, subsequently, causes damage to the heart's valves, states the World Heart Federation. Rheumatic fever, infections and certain medications may also cause the valvular heart disease. High blood pressure, which overburdens blood vessels and the heart, causes hypertensive heart disease. Hypertensive disorders include atherosclerosis, aneurysm, hypertension and peripheral arterial disease. Most of these disorders occur when blood vessels narrow and restrict the flow of blood in the arteries in the heart, legs, the base of the brain and throughout the body.

Ischemic heart disease occurs when coronary arteries narrow and decrease the supply of blood to the heart, states the World Heart Federation. The narrowing of coronary arteries causes a range of heart conditions, including atherosclerosis, angina, coronary heart disease and heart attack. Cerebrovascular heart diseases occur when blood vessels restrict the flow of blood in the brain. The conditions that fall under cerebrovascular heat disease include cerebral vascular disease, transient ischemic attacks and stroke.

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