Each year in the United States 5,000 children are born every year with clubfoot, and approximately half of these children undergo foot surgery, according to CURE Clubfoot and the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin. There are other pediatric foot conditions treated with surgery, but they are very rare.
The most common pediatric foot condition that leads to surgical treatment, clubfoot, affects around one out of every 1,000 live births, states Consultant for Pediatricians. Casting and manipulation can correct some cases of clubfoot, but others require surgical intervention around 6 months of age. Most other pediatric foot conditions, such as skewfoot, idiopathic flatfoot and metatarsus adductus, are treated with casting and orthopedic inserts rather than surgery.