A tablespoon of granulated cane sugar has 12.6 grams of carbohydrate. Sugar is the common term for short-chain, sweet carbohydrates used in food. The carbohydrates in sugar are composed of hydrogen, oxygen and carbon.
Different forms of sugar have different uses. Syrups are produced by heating invert sugars and contribute sweetness to baked goods and candy. Granulated sugar is used in baking, acts as a preservative in jams and jellies, and sweetens cereals and beverages. Fermented fruit sugars provide the alcohol content in wine.
Sugar is found in most plants, but only sugar cane and sugar beets produce quantities large enough for extraction. Some substances, such as artificial sweeteners, have a sweet taste but are not considered true sugars.