The American Diabetes Association recommends a starting point of 45 to 60 grams of carbohydrates per day. The exact amount will differ from patient to patient due to differing activity levels and medical histories. A physician can assist patients with determining the right amount of carbohydrates for them.
The American Diabetes Association indicates that choosing foods with low glycemic index scores is another effective method to maintain healthy blood glucose levels. Examples of these foods include corn, sweet potatoes, legumes, pasta and 100% stone ground whole wheat bread. Portion control is vital to maintaining blood glucose, even when opting for a food with a low glycemic index score.