What is male hypogonadism?


Quick Answer

Male hypogonadism refers to insufficient production of testosterone hormone in the body, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients with male hypogonadism inherit the condition from their parents or acquire it through infection or injury.

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Full Answer

Male hypogonadism may result from Klinefelter syndrome, testicular injury and hemochromatosis, which is a condition in which the level of iron in the blood is higher than normal. Additional causes are inflammatory conditions, including histiocytosis and tuberculosis, and Kallmann syndrome, which is a condition in which the hypothalamus grows abnormally, states Mayo Clinic. The condition may also occur as a side effect of cancer treatments, including radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Patients may experience genital ambiguity, male genital underdevelopment, male genital growth impairment, difficulty with erections and infertility. The condition may lower libido and cause reduced muscle mass and body hair growth impairment. The symptoms vary with the age at which an individual develops male hypogonadism.

It is advisable to seek immediate medical attention when the symptoms of male hypogonadism appear to receive early diagnosis and treatment to help avoid complications, notes Mayo Clinic. The diagnosis of hypogonadism involves a physical exam and tests such as hormone testing, testicular biopsy, pituitary imaging and semen analysis. Depending on the underlying cause and need for fertility, treatment options for male hypogonadism may include therapy to replace testosterone hormone and assisted reproduction.

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