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How do you make a diabetic food plan menu?

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Quick Answer

To make a diabetic food plan, individuals should plan to include 25 percent protein, 25 percent grains and starchy foods and 50 percent nonstarchy vegetables in each of the three meals for the day, according to the American Diabetes Association. Daily food plans should include breakfast, lunch, dinner and two snacks.

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Full Answer

Diabetics should include at least eight servings of vegetables and fruits into the daily meal plan, with fruits and vegetables included in both snacks and meals, explains the American Diabetes Association. Calorie levels for meals plans vary based on activity level, obesity range, gender and age. Physicians can help patients determine an adequate calorie intake for each day. Calories consumed should be spaced out throughout the day between two snacks and meals.

Trans fats should be limited as much as possible because diabetics are more at risk for stroke or heart attacks, explains the American Diabetes Association. The amount of carbohydrates consumed should be spread out during the day, with an average of 45 to 60 grams of carbohydrates in each meal and only 10 to 25 grams for snacks. Fiber intake should include approximately 25 grams each day for women and 38 grams for men. Fiber is found in foods such as beans, seeds, nuts, fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Patients should consult with a physician, diabetes educator or dietitian when creating a daily meal plan to control blood sugar levels.

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