Major genetic syndromes in children include Down syndrome, says Mayo Clinic. Goldenhar syndrome is a genetic syndrome typically affecting the face, according to Faces: The National Craniofacial Association. Fragile X syndrome is another genetic syndrome that appears in children, according to Genetics Home Reference.Continue Reading
Down syndrome is the most common of the genetic syndromes that affect children, according to Mayo Clinic. It happens when a fetus develops with an extra copy of chromosome 21. Down syndrome is responsible for many physical and intellectual disabilities.
A child with Goldenhar syndrome is born with facial deformities, according to Faces: The National Craniofacial Association. Usually, only one side of the face is affected. In fragile X syndrome, the child can suffer a variety of developmental and intellectual disabilities, says Genetics Home Reference.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases