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What are the major causes of esophagus problems?

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Quick Answer

Consumption of greasy or spicy foods, overeating, and having alcohol when eating may cause esophagus problems, notes Healthgrades. Conditions such as acid reflux, lactose intolerance and gastroesophageal reflux disease may also result in esophagus problems.

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Full Answer

Difficulty in swallowing, medically referred to as dysphagia, and impaired motility are examples of esophagus problems, explains Healthgrades. Ulcers, strictures, stroke, scleroderma or Parkinson’s disease, which is a brain disorder that impairs movement and coordination, may cause these problems.

Swelling of structures around the esophagus, such as thyroid and thymus glands, may cause difficult swallowing, according to Healthgrades. Tumors found along or inside the esophagus may interrupt the passage of food or fluids, because of the narrowing of the esophagus.

Esophagus problems may occur due to inflammatory diseases and cancers that affect the pancreas, gallbladder, the stomach or parts of the esophagus, notes Healthgrades. Candida and herpes infections may also result in these problems. Other conditions that may cause esophagus symptoms include achalasia and esophageal spasms. In rare occasions, these symptoms may signal a possible heart attack or angina.

Swallowing of certain pills without enough water, smoking, frequent vomiting, pregnancy or heartburn may cause esophagus symptoms, states Healthgrades. Other causes of these problems include obesity and hiatal hernia, which occurs when the stomach enters the chest via a hole in the diaphragm.

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