Reducing saturated fats and trans fats, avoiding refined sugars, limiting dietary cholesterol to no more than 200 milligrams a day, and eating plenty of fiber are all ways that patients can maintain optimal triglyceride levels, according to Everyday Health. Limiting alcohol and refraining from smoking can also reduce triglyceride levels, reports WebMD. A normal triglyceride level for adults is less than 150 milligrams per deciliter.
Patients can reduce high triglyceride levels by losing weight, exercising for at least 30 minutes on most days, and cutting back on their overall caloric intake, recommends Mayo Clinic. Choosing healthier fats, such as olive, canola and peanut oils, also helps reduce the level of triglycerides in a person's blood. Physicians prescribe statins, fibrates, niacin or other medications to treat high triglycerides in some patients.
Triglycerides are a type of fat found in blood in the human body, explains Mayo Clinic. Triglyceride levels are checked by with a simple blood test, and levels should be checked regularly in everyone over age 20, according to Everyday Health.
High triglycerides usually result from other conditions, reports WebMD. Patients experiencing obesity, poorly-controlled diabetes, kidney disease or an underactive thyroid are more likely to have high triglyceride levels. Certain medications, such as birth control pills, estrogen, steroids and beta-blockers can also cause high triglycerides.