Eating a healthy diet, getting enough exercise, losing weight and consuming enough omega-3 fatty acids are some recommended ways to maintain normal lipid profile values, states WebMD. A lipid profile, also called a lipid panel, measures triglyceride and cholesterol levels.
A lipid panel requires a 12-hour fast, as eating may artificially raise triglyceride levels, according to WebMD. Some medications may also cause high triglyceride levels. High triglycerides in conjunction with high levels of "bad" cholesterol and low levels of "good" cholesterol indicate an increased risk for heart disease, particularly in individuals with other risk factors, such as smoking, obesity, high blood pressure and Type 2 diabetes.
Lifestyle changes, such as a healthier diet, more exercise and weight loss, help to reduce these risk factors and lower lipid profile values, reports WebMD. Eating fewer carbohydrates, drinking less alcohol and eating more foods high in omega-3 fatty acids can improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels. A weight loss of 5 to 10 percent and moderate exercise five or more days a week also may help keep triglyceride levels in check. If lifestyle changes aren't enough, a doctor may prescribe medications that can lower cholesterol, such as statins, niacin, fibrates, zetia or high-dose omega-3 supplements.