Maintaining normal blood sugar levels with diabetes involves healthy eating, exercise, monitoring blood sugar and possibly medication, according to Mayo Clinic. Maintaining a healthy blood sugar helps prevent the health problems associated with this condition.
Contrary to popular belief, there is no diabetic diet, according to Mayo Clinic. However, diabetics should mainly eat foods that have a low glycemic index while being high in fiber and low in fat. Vegetables, fruits and whole grains are good choices. Animal products tend to be high in fat, and the diabetic should limit their use.
Physical activity lowers blood sugar. The diabetic should check with his doctor before beginning any new exercise plan, according to Mayo Clinic. Most diabetics benefit from 30 minutes of exercise on most days.
Diabetics should check with their doctors about monitoring their blood sugar. Blood sugar levels are sometimes unpredictable, and Mayo Clinic indicates that monitoring them shows the patient how his body responds to food, exercise, stress and illness.
Some diabetics can maintain healthy blood glucose levels using diet and exercise without medication or extra insulin, but some can not, according to Mayo Clinic. Medications may increase cells' sensitivity to insulin, cause the body to produce insulin or reduce blood sugar, such as by encouraging the kidneys to excrete it in the urine.