The main symptoms of leaky gut syndrome are cramps, gas, bloating and food sensitivities, according to WebMD. Leaky gut syndrome may also cause aches and pains.
Experts know very little about leaky gut syndrome, but they do know that it means that further diagnosis is required, as of 2015, notes WebMD. Making a diagnosis can be very difficult, as today's physicians do not know enough about the gut, and leaky gut syndrome is not something that is taught in medical schools.
One theory on the cause of leaky gut syndrome is that the tight junctions in the gut that prevent substances from leaking into the bloodstream do not function as they should, states WebMD. This may be prevalent in people who have Crohn's disease or celiac disease.
Leaky gut syndrome may be caused by food allergies, radiation therapy or certain types of drugs, according to WebMD. Finding the appropriate treatment for leaky gut syndrome can be difficult, and it may require dietary changes. If symptoms of leaky gut syndrome occur, it may help to speak to a gastroenterologist with a background in nutrition.
Taking steps to reduce stress may also help with leaky gut syndrome, recommends WebMD. Options include meditation or taking appropriate medications. Many chronic health problems are caused by unhealthy lifestyles, so improving diet and reducing stress are often recommended by health care professionals.