During a simple tooth extraction, the dentist numbs the patient’s mouth and gums using a local anesthetic, loosens the tooth using a special tool called an elevator, clamps on to the tooth with forceps and pulls the tooth out, according to Colgate. A simple extraction is generally not painful, although there is some pressure. For broken or severely damaged teeth, the dentist may extract the tooth surgically.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons extract teeth that are damaged or broken, notes WebMD. The dentist generally numbs the area with a local anesthetic and may use a stronger general anesthetic that keeps the patient asleep during the procedure. This is particularly true for patients having multiple teeth removed at once.
After removing the tooth, the dentist may place stitches in the gums in the affected area, notes WebMD. Many people opt to have the missing tooth replaced with a tooth implant, bridge or denture, especially in the case of front or other visible teeth.
After the extraction, the dentist prescribes pain medication for the patient and may suggest using an ice pack on the outside of the mouth to alleviate swelling and pain, reports WebMD. The patient may need to return to the dentist to have any stitches removed, although some dentists use stitches that dissolve on their own.