What Is the Main Effect of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?


The effects of fetal alcohol syndrome vary by child and usually include a mix of physical, intellectual, cognitive and behavioral problems, according to Mayo Clinic. Physical defects may include heart and kidney problems, slow physical growth, joint deformities, and hearing or vision problems.

Children affected by fetal alcohol syndrome may also experience problems with the brain and central nervous system, such as poor memory, learning disorders, poor judgment skills, and poor balance or coordination, reports Mayo Clinic. Social and behavioral problems that sometimes crop up in children with fetal alcohol syndrome include poor social skills, impulse control problems, poor concept of time and difficulty getting along with others.