The main causes of pelvic pain include endometriosis, adenomyosis, interstitial cystitis, urinary tract infection and pelvic inflammatory disease, according to Mayo Clinic. Other leading causes of pelvic pain include uterine fibroids, menstrual cramps, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage before the 20th week and ovulation pain, reports WebMD.
Endometriosis is a leading cause of pelvic pain resulting from exterior growth of tissues that normally grow inside the uterus, explains Mayo Clinic. The condition is common in women experiencing infertility but does not lead to infertility. Affected women experience pain during menstruation, ovulation and intercourse and painful bowel movements.
Adenomyosis occurs when the cells lining the uterus invade the muscle tissues of the myometrium, notes WebMD. Women suffering from this condition may experience pain during the period, pressure on the rectum or bladder, heavy periods, and spotting between periods.
A urinary tract infection is a condition that affects some parts of the urinary tract such as urethra, bladder and kidneys, states WebMD. The condition is common in women than in men. Affected women experience symptoms including lower back pain, pain or a burning sensation when urinating, and a feeling of pressure in the lower pelvis.
Dysmenorrhea is a condition that manifests as menstrual cramps in the lower abdomen, says Mayo Clinic. The cramps result in throbbing pain before or during menstrual periods.