A macular pucker consists of scar tissue formed on the surface and center of the retina where the macula is located. This disease of the retina hinders vision.
A macular pucker occurs when the gelatinous substance shrinks away from the surface of the retina, specifically in the macular area, causing damage. The scar tissue formed by this damage acts as a blanket and results in a range of visionary issues from distortion to complete loss. This is due to the macula's significant role in the perception of fine details.
Risk factors, primarily age, along with retinal tears, detachments and diseases consist of the known causes of macular puckers. Normally, the patient can adjust to the symptoms, but surgery may be required for severe cases.