WebMD states that macrobiotics is a diet that is rooted in foods such as beans, brown rice and sea vegetables. It was regarded as the first counterculture diet in the 1960s.
According to WebMD, macrobiotics is about diet as well as maintaining balance in life. The diet promotes a holistic viewpoint that focuses on the mental aspects in addition to choices in diet. In order to get the most out of the diet, people need to have positive energy, eat properly, chew food thoroughly and exercise. Even though the American Cancer Society does not officially endorse the macrobiotic diet, it advocates eating a similar diet to decrease the chance of heart disease and some forms of cancer.
Typically, 40 to 60 percent of a daily macrobiotic diet consists of organic grains, such as brown rice, millet, oats, corn and barley. Vegetables that are grown locally make up 20 to 30 percent of the diet. Five to 10 percent is comprised of beans, miso, tofu, tempeh, nori and agar, WebMD reports. Fresh fish, seafood, fruit grown locally, nuts and pickles can be consumed as well. In terms of sweeteners, rice syrup is fine to have at times. Eggs, poultry, refined sugars, fruit juices, eggplant and processed foods need to be avoided.