How Is Lyme Disease Treated?

According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Mayo Clinic, oral and intravenous antibiotics are used to treat early-stage Lyme disease, while later stages sometimes manifest chronic symptoms which are unresponsive to treatment. Lyme disease is a dangerous illness which can cause lifelong complications, such as severe chronic exhaustion and facial and digital palsy, or shaking of the extremities.

Lyme disease is most commonly contracted when a tick lodged in human skin goes undetected or is improperly removed. Ticks carry Lyme disease and spread it through blood contact.

Oral Antibiotics

A course of a few weeks of antibiotic treatments can completely cure early-stage Lyme disease. This treatment relies heavily on catching the disease before it becomes a serious threat to the body's health.

Intravenous Antibiotics

Some patients exhibit strong negative reactions to oral administration of antibiotics and must receive their treatments intravenously. Doxycycline andamoxicillin are common choices for treatment both orally and intravenously. Cefuroxime axetil is another typical antibiotic agent used in treating Lyme disease.

Long-term Side Effects

Some people display symptoms of Lyme disease even after having been cured. These arecalled post-treatment Lyme disease symptoms and they are not readily or reliably treatable. There is little information on why they occur and on how they can be combated.

The sooner a person starts medication the better. Patients are usually advised to use the medication for at least 2 weeks. There is no evidence that taking the medication for a prolonged time is more effective in controlling the condition. Intravenous antibiotics are recommended for severe cases and patients with a problem with the nervous system. Lactating women, pregnant women and patients below 9 years old are usually prescribed penicillin or amoxicillin. They are usually not given doxycycline because its tends to stain the permanent teeth of the unborn babies and children. Erythromycin is normally given to patients who are allergic to penicillin.