Lupus is a chronic disease of the immune system that is not contagious. It can be triggered by various environmental factors, and there seems to be a genetic predisposition to the disease, but as the Lupus Foundation of America explains, it cannot be transmitted from person to person even with close contact.Continue Reading
Lupus develops unpredictably in each patient and can be very difficult to diagnose. No known pathogen is responsible for the disease, and the only sense in which it "spreads" is vertically from parents to children through genetic inheritance. Many people with a family history of lupus never develop symptoms of the disorder, while others suffer outbreaks that range from mild to life-threatening, notes the Lupus Foundation of America.
According to Mayo Clinic, lupus outbreaks can be triggered by exposure to sunlight, inflammation that triggers an exaggerated immune response and certain medications. Medication likely to trigger lupus includes various anti-seizure drugs, blood pressure treatments and some antibiotics. Often, patients who show symptoms after beginning a course of these medications report that most or all of their symptoms go away after they stop taking the drugs. Despite the research done into lupus, much of the time, the environmental trigger that causes the disease to flare up remains unknown.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Lupus is a noncontagious autoimmune disease that causes the body to attack and damage its own tissue and organs, the Lupus Foundation of America reports. Lupus interferes with the immune system's ability to distinguish between healthy tissue and harmful foreign matter, such as bacteria and viruses.Full Answer >
Lupus flares are unpredictable, and there is no way of knowing how long they may last, according to WebMD. Symptoms of a lupus flare may include profound fatigue, low-grade fever and pain in the joints and muscles.Full Answer >
Lupus sometimes impacts the mouth directly by causing discoid lesions within it and can also cause chronic dry mouth when it manifests as Sjogren’s Syndrome, according to Hospital for Special Surgery. The medications taken for lupus can also cause changes to the mouth and make it vulnerable to infection.Full Answer >
Lupus arthritis, or muscle pain and inflammation, affects the joints, especially those of the extremities, such as the toes and fingers, according to the Lupus Foundation of America. The joints become stiff, warm, tender and swollen, and the symptoms are most likely to appear early in the day.Full Answer >