Treatment options for lumbago, commonly known as lower back pain, include pain-relieving medications, braces, physical therapy, spinal fusion surgery and disk replacement, according to OrthoInfo. Exact treatment options depend on the severity and cause of the lower back pain.
Common medications used for lower back pain include over-the-counter painkillers, such as acetaminophen and aspirin; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as naproxen and ibuprofen; and narcotic medications, such as morphine, as listed by OrthoInfo. Patients may also receive oral steroids or steroid injections for pain relief. Hot packs, cold packs and massage are often utilized as part of physical therapy, and patients also complete stretching and muscle-building exercises to build strength and regain range of motion. A back brace may provide some pain relief and stability.
If conservative treatments are unsuccessful, doctors may recommend surgical procedures, such as spinal fusion and disk replacement, as stated by OrthoInfo. A spinal fusion welds two vertebrae together when motion is the source of the pain, but effectiveness varies. Patients may take up to one year to recover. Disk replacement involves placing an artificial disk into the patient's spinal segment to allow for flexibility and easy motion. The surgeon usually makes the incision on the abdomen, and the surgery's effectiveness is controversial.