High blood pressure can sometimes be lowered using lifestyle and diet modifications alone, according to Mayo Clinic. When lifestyle and dietary changes alone is not enough, medications to lower blood pressure may be required.
High blood pressure can often be controlled through a combination of diet and lifestyle changes, advises Mayo Clinic. Eating a healthy diet that is low in cholesterol and saturated fat and abundant in fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help. Restricting sodium is also important; some recommendations are that those with high blood pressure should consume no more than 1,500 milligrams of sodium daily. Reduce caffeine intake since it may play a role in blood pressure spikes.
Lifestyle changes can also help. Exercising regularly by getting in 30 to 60 minutes of exercise most days can reduce blood pressure numbers. Shedding extra pounds is also important. A weight loss of just ten pounds can cause a reduction in blood pressure. Limiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages is also advised, according to Mayo Clinic. Those with high blood pressure who smoke should stop.
Blood pressure not managed by modifications of lifestyle and diet may require medication. Some types of medicines used for treating high blood pressure include alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers and alpha agonists, among others, according to WebMD.