It is possible to lower blood pressure by exercising regularly, making dietary changes, reducing stress, losing excess weight, avoiding tobacco products and drinking alcohol in moderation, according to the American Heart Association. Several types of drugs are also available to treat high blood pressure that does not respond to lifestyle modifications.Continue Reading
One of the eating plans used to combat high blood pressure is the DASH diet. "DASH" stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. This diet limits the consumption of sodium, red meat, baked goods, sweetened beverages and candy. People following the DASH diet eat whole grains, fresh and frozen produce, low-fat dairy products, poultry, seeds, nuts and fish.
The Mayo Clinic says exercise helps lower blood pressure by making the heart stronger. If the heart is strong, it does not have to work as hard to move blood through the circulatory system. Although weight-bearing exercises are important for building muscle, aerobic exercise is needed to control blood pressure.
Some people need to take medication to lower their blood pressure. Several different types of drugs are available: alpha-blockers, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, central agonists, calcium channel blockers and angiotension II receptor blockers, according to WebMD. Each type of drug works differently, but all of these medications help to lower blood pressure and prevent the heart from working harder than necessary.Learn more about Cardiac Health