Low SGPT is normally found in the blood and it often indicates a healthy liver. SGPT is now also called Alanine Aminotransferase, or “ALT.” A test for ALT measures how much damage is in a liver.Continue Reading
An alanine aminotransferase test shows how much of the enzyme shows up in the blood. The enzyme shows up in livers, but a person’s kidney, pancreas, muscles and heart contain some of the enzyme as well. Damaged or diseased livers release this enzyme into a person’s blood, increasing the levels. In most cases, an elevated level of the enzyme means that the liver is damaged. Physicians primarily perform the test in order to check for cirrhosis of the liver due to alcohol, viruses or drugs. The test may also check for hepatitis or any other condition that damages the liver.
If someone has jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin and eyes, testing ALT levels helps to determine whether liver disease or a disorder in the blood caused the condition. Medication such as those that lower cholesterol can sometimes damage the liver, so testing for levels of the enzyme in this situation is important to monitor whether the drug is leaving the liver alone or not.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
Lowering high SGPT levels is usually accomplished by abstaining from alcohol, losing weight or lowering high cholesterol. According to WebMD, certain medications also cause high SGPT levels. If this is the case, switching to a different medication usually eliminates this problem. Ultimately, the only way to lower SGPT levels is to eliminate whatever is causing them.Full Answer >
A PSA blood test is commonly used to predict, diagnose and monitor the presence of prostrate cancer in men. "PSA" stands for "prostrate-specific antigen," a protein produced exclusively by the male prostrate gland. PSA blood tests measure levels of this protein in the bloodstream, according to HealthCentral.Full Answer >
A high RDW blood test result may indicate anemia due to either iron deficiency or a deficiency of folate and vitamin B12, according to Wikipedia. It may also be a result of a recent hemorrhage. False high RDW readings sometimes occur when the wrong type of blood is used for the test. As MedFriendly explains, other causes for a high RDW test result include liver disease and hemolytic anemia.Full Answer >
"BUN" stands for blood urea nitrogen and measures a person's kidney function. Urea nitrogen is produced in the liver from the breakdown of dietary proteins, and then normally functioning kidneys excrete it. A normal BUN range is between 7 and 20, according to the National Kidney Foundation.Full Answer >