The low-FODMAP diet is a diet designed to relieve irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease, states U.S. News. The program limits certain carbohydrates that cause digestive issues, such as gas, bloating and abdominal pain. The low-FODMAP diet is a temporary program that many insurance plans completely cover.
Foods like wheat, onions, legumes and rye, foods containing lactose, such as milk, soft cheese and yogurt, and foods containing fructose, such as apples, pear, high-fructose corn syrup and honey, are limited in the low-FODMAP diet, explains U.S. News. Fiber and artificial sweeteners are also regulated to prevent digestive problems. A small amount of these items are then reintroduced into a person's diet to determine what irritates that person's gastrointestinal system.
Individuals participating in the low-FODMAP diet should only participate with the assistance of a registered dietician, warns U.S. News. The diet typically takes between two to six weeks, with most individuals completing it in four. The low-FODMAP diet does not guarantee weight loss, but it may occur due to the increase of fruit, vegetables and whole foods. The low-FODMAP diet also does not provide specific cardiovascular benefits. Health risks associated with the low-FODMAP diet are minimal, and working with a dietician ensures no nutrient deficiencies.