The recovery period following varicocele surgery is about a week, according to WebMD. Men who undergo this surgery can return to some activities within a day or two of the procedure and resume all normal activities within a week.
Varicoceles are varicose veins that develop in the scrotum, explains WebMD. The varicoceles raise the temperature in the scrotum, which affects the viability of the sperm and sometimes causes infertility. Varicocele repair is a surgical procedure performed in men who have varicoceles and impaired sperm in an attempt to improve their fertility. Risks of this procedure include infection, nerve or artery damage in the pubic region and buildup of fluid in the scrotum.