After back fusion surgery, there is typically a three-month recovery period, but long-term physical therapy exercise is recommended after the recovery period, according to Spine-Health.
Recovery after back fusion surgery is different from patient to patient, states Spine-Health. Patients are kept in the hospital for one or two days after the surgery. After being discharged, doctors recommend avoiding bending, lifting and twisting for several months. The recovery can be painful, and ice packs, pain medications and physical therapy exercises help manage the pain. For the three months following the surgery, doctors may prescribe a back brace and limit heavy physical activities.