Most patients fully recover from hammertoe surgery within one to three months, although the complete healing process takes a year, states the New York Bone and Joint Specialists. Patients typically experience limited mobility within the first two weeks following surgery and are able to return to work around this time.
Hammertoe surgery is an outpatient procedure for those who have advanced cases that do not respond to orthotics and toe-strengthening exercises, explains the New York Bone and Joint Specialists. X-ray imaging, patient history and a physical examination can determine whether hammertoe surgery is necessary to prevent further deformity and pain. Symptoms of advanced hammertoe include stiffness, cramping or pain in the toe and difficulty walking.