HIV does not live for long enough on surfaces to infect anyone, according to AIDS Vancouver Island, a community-based AIDS service organization. HIV dies fairly quickly when outside of the body and in contact with oxygen, making the disease not transmittable via toilet seats and other public surface where the virus may have contacted.Continue Reading
HIV is transmitted through infected blood or sex fluids entering the bloodstream, according to AIDS Vancouver Island. While HIV can live inside the body in semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk, blood, and brain and spinal cord fluid, it does not live in saliva, sweat, tears, urine, feces or vomit. Even if someone comes in contact with traces of infected blood or sex fluids in the environment, the risk for contraction of HIV is negligible, as the virus cannot survive outside of the body.
HIV is most commonly transmitted through unprotected sex, sharing needles and occupational exposure with an infected person, AIDS Vancouver Island states. Because HIV cannot be transmitted through surface contact, there is no risk in activities such as going to the gym, sharing food and drinks, using public toilets, sharing bedding or clothing, or kissing, hugging or touching a person infected with HIV. HIV can survive outside the body in a vacuum-sealed environment such as inside an injection needle.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
HIV is a virus, while AIDS is a condition or syndrome that develops in patients who have HIV, explains the San Francisco AIDS Foundation. Patients can have HIV without developing AIDS, but everyone with AIDS already has HIV.Full Answer >
In a minority of people infected with HIV, the disease never progresses to AIDS, as noted in the journal "AIDS Research and Treatment." Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the final stage of HIV infection, after the immune system has become so compromised it can no longer fight off other infections.Full Answer >
Visiting Healthline's website, selecting the "HIV" option under "Health Topics," and finding the "Famous Faces of HIV and AIDS" article lets you access photos of 16 celebrities who suffer from HIV. To access photos of people with symptoms, simply browse Healthline's HIV home page.Full Answer >
Major articles about HIV and AIDS include “Broad Neutralization Coverage Of HIV By Multiple Highly Potent Antibodies,” by L.M Walker and colleagues and “Immune-Correlates Analysis Of An HIV-1 Vaccine Efficacy Trial,” by B.F Haynes and colleagues, according to ScienceWatch. Respectively, the two papers were published in September 2011 and April 2012. Other scholarly papers quoted the Walker paper 207 times between its publication date and November 2013.Full Answer >