After rectocele surgery, many women go home from the hospital after one or two days, regain normal bowel function within two to four weeks, and return to normal physical activity after six weeks, according to WebMD. During recovery, it is important for the woman to avoid strenuous activity and constipation.
Childbirth is a major cause of rectoceles and other pelvic organ prolapses, explains WebMD. Therefore, women should postpone rectocele surgery until they do not plan to have any more children. Steps that help prevent a recurrence of the prolapse include quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, not straining during bowel movements, and avoiding heavy lifting or standing for long periods of time, which can strain the pelvic muscles.