WebMD reports that after a hysteroscopy the doctor may suggest temporarily avoiding sexual intercourse in order to reduce the risk of developing an infection. Doctors routinely schedule a follow-up examination. HealthTap doctors, Alan Patterson, Wayne Ingram and Shiao-Yu Lee, agree that a diagnostic hysteroscopy should not negatively affect fertility.
During a hysteroscopy, a scope with a light and camera is passed through the cervix and used to view the uterine lining. According to WebMD, hysteroscopies are often used to look for causes of abnormal bleeding and to identify any potential causes of infertility, such as small polyps, fibroids and scar tissue. Some of these abnormal growths can be removed during a hysteroscopy.