The female urethra is a small opening located between the clitoris and the vagina, explains Healthline. Locating the urethra is easier if the woman lies flat on her back in a frog-leg position or with her legs in stirrups. The labia must be separated to reveal the urethra, notes eMedicineHealth.
The female urethra is shorter than the male urethra and is more prone to infection, according to Healthline. The urethra is part of the urinary tract, which also includes the kidneys, ureters and bladder, notes the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The urinary tract begins with the kidneys, two organs that filter the blood and produce urine. The urine from the kidneys travels through the ureters, which are thin tubes of muscle that connect the kidneys to the bladder.
Urine collects in the bladder until the individual feels the need to urinate, explains the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Most individuals can hold 1.5 to 2 cups of urine in their bladders. Three sets of muscles, including the urethra, the internal sphincter and the external sphincter, prevent urine from leaking out of the bladder. During urination, the sphincters and the urethra relax, while the bladder wall tightens, pushing urine through the urethra and out of the body.