Life becomes more normal after a kidney transplant in that a recipient no longer requires dialysis, states Mayo Clinic. A kidney transplant recipient must take medications for the rest of his life to prevent his body from rejecting the donated kidney, according to MedlinePlus.
The medication that prevents organ rejection increases the risks of infection, diabetes and cancer, explains MedlinePlus. The medication may also cause elevated blood pressure and cholesterol. Because of these risks, a kidney transplant recipient needs to receive regular cancer screenings and may need to take antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal medications, notes Mayo Clinic. A kidney recipient must also follow a special diet, says the National Kidney Foundation. Lifelong followups with doctors are mandatory for kidney transplant recipients, states MedlinePlus.