Although some foods are healthier than others, diabetics do not have to avoid any particular foods as long as they eat them in moderation, according to the American Diabetes Association. This includes foods high in sugar, such as chocolate, which is acceptable if eaten in small amounts. Diabetics, like all people, should maintain a diet low in saturated fats and trans fats while focusing on lean protein, non-starchy vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats and fruit.
For diabetics, healthy examples of starches, breads and grains include those made with whole grains, such as brown rice, baked sweet or white potatoes, corn and whole-grain flour, states WebMD. Poor choices include white flour, processed grains, white bread, cereals with significant amounts of sugar and French fries. The healthiest vegetables are those prepared raw or lightly steamed and without additional sodium, while canned vegetables and those cooked with butter, cheese or sauce constitute foods that are acceptable only in moderation.
Diabetics should also limit the amount of fruit they eat in the form of canned fruits, chewy fruit rolls, jelly and fruit punch, recommends WebMD. Healthy fruits examples do not include added sugar and are usually raw. Applesauce and 100 percent fruit juice qualify provided they do not have additional sugar. Examples of protein sources to avoid include fried meats, pork bacon and high-fat cuts. Dairy should be limited unless it is low fat or skim.