A list of disabilities includes impairments that affect a person’s movement, vision, hearing, mental health and ability to remember, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other disabilities include those that affect communication, learning and maintaining social relationships.
Disability is a broad term that covers impairments and limitations to a person’s activity or participation, as stated by the World Health Organization. While many people with disabilities are born with the problem, many others become disabled at some point in their lives. When a person becomes disabled, he is unable to participate in normal day-to-day activities.
Common causes of disability are depression, arthritis, accidents, diabetes, back pain, cancer and heart disease, as stated by WebMD. A person’s probability of becoming disabled before retirement is about one in three.
People living with disabilities may face challenges in accessing health care and rehabilitation services, according to the World Health Organization. This is despite the fact that they need the same health care as non-disabled people. These challenges arise from the fact that they are sometimes excluded by society and that they may experience poverty.
If the challenges that disabled people face are to be overcome, strong interventions need to be undertaken to eliminate social and environmental obstacles, according to the World Health Organization.