A list of blood disorders includes anemia, platelet disorders, cancers of the blood and eosinophilic disorders. Blood disorders affect one or several components of the blood, explains the American Society of Hematology. Blood disorders include problems with the white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets and plasma.
Disorders that affect the red blood cells include iron-deficiency anemia, sickle cell anemia, polycythemia vera and malaria, states WebMD. Lymphoma, leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, eosinophilia and multiple myeloma are some of the disorders that affect the white blood cells. Conditions that affect the platelets include thrombocytopenia, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and essential thrombocytosis. Blood plasma, meanwhile, is affected by conditions such as sepsis, hemophilia, von Willebrand disease and deep venous thrombosis.
Blood disorders can be acute or chronic, explains Healthline. They can be caused by certain diseases, such as lupus and infections. Some blood disorders are inherited. They can also occur when there is lack of certain nutrients in the body.
The symptoms of blood disorders vary and depend on which component of the blood is affected. Disorders of the red blood cells can be manifested by increased heartbeat, fatigue and muscle weakness. White blood cell disorders can cause unexplained weight loss and chronic infections, states Healthline. On the other hand, unexplained bleeding, easily bruised skin, and wounds that do not heal are some symptoms of platelet disorders.