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What is liposarcoma cancer?

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Liposarcoma cancer is a cancerous disorder that begins in the body's fat cells, according to Drugs.com. It mostly attacks legs and thighs. In some cases, it attacks the abdomen, arms, back, neck and chest. People between the ages of 50 and 70 are the most susceptible to this condition.

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Liposarcoma cancer that grows slowly without spreading to other body parts is called a low-grade tumor, while a high-grade tumor is one that spreads, reports Drugs.com. The kind of cells that constitute the tumor determine the form of liposarcoma that a person develops. The types of liposarcoma cancer include well-differentiated and myxoid. The former mostly occurs deep within the leg and thigh tissues and does not affect other body parts, unlike the latter, which may spread to the lungs and heart. Other types of liposarcoma cancer are dedifferentiated, mixed and pleomorphic.

Although the precise cause of liposarcoma is unclear, damaged genes may be responsible for its occurrence, says Drugs.com. Radiation treatment may also predisposes an individual to liposarcoma cancer.

Liposarcoma cancer patients may experience troubled urination, weight loss, inflammation around the infected area and constipation, claims Drugs.com. The signs and symptoms depend on the type of liposarcoma from which the patient suffers. To treat liposarcoma, methods such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are applicable.

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