Neuropathy is a painful condition that prevents normal sensation in the legs and arms and causes impaired muscle movements, according to WebMD. Because neuropathy affects the body’s sensory nerves, people suffering from neuropathy in the legs may be unable to detect sensations of pain or temperature. The condition also causes numbness, tingling and a burning sensation in the feet.
A gradual onset of tingling and numbness in the feet is a hallmark of peripheral neuropathy, notes Mayo Clinic. A lack of coordination and related falls and jabbing, burning or sharp pain are additional peripheral neuropathy symptoms. If the disease affects the motor nerves, muscle weakness and paralysis may result.
Management of the condition causing the neuropathy, such as diabetes, is a major part of an effective treatment plan, reports Mayo Clinic. Treatment also involves relieving the pain caused by neuropathy with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs or the use of opiate medications. Doctors sometimes prescribe anti-seizure medications to treat the nerve pain associated with neuropathy, and treatment with a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device or physical therapy may also help.
Lifestyle changes are also important in neuropathy management and treatment, notes Mayo Clinic. These include taking care of the feet and inspecting for foot problems daily, exercising, smoking cessation, and eating healthy meals.