Common causes of pain in either big toe include turf toe, sesamoiditis, osteoarthritis or jamming the big toe into a wall or other hard surface, according to WebMD, Healthline and the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Treatment depends on the type of injury, with the most simple injury, a stubbed toe, requiring only rest.
Turf toe involves swelling and sometime a fracture of the sesamoid joint in the big toe. Treatment for turf toe and other sesamoid injuries may include rest, padding and taping of the toe joint, oral medications, surgery, physical therapy or steroid injections, according to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. A doctor should be consulted to identify appropriate care. Osteoarthritis treatment include steroids and rest, notes Healthline.