Changes like quitting tobacco and alcohol, seeking treatment for acid reflex and related conditions and maintaining a healthy diet and body weight can help to prevent occurrence of esophageal cancer. Some forms of esophageal cancer cannot be prevented and will not be less likely even in the event that such changes are made, according to the American Cancer Society.
Avoiding smoking and the consumption of alcohol is an incredibly important step in staving off esophageal cancer. When these two vices are indulged together, the risk factor for esophageal cancer is even greater than when they are indulged separately. Alcohol and tobacco mutually enhance their carcinogenic properties.
Maintaining a healthy body weight is different for every individual, but it can help in preventing certain types of cancer, esophageal cancer among them. Eating carcinogenic foods, many of which are unhealthy "junk" food, is often a contributing factor in cases of esophageal cancer and it can exacerbate other factors, states the American Cancer Society.
Acid reflex can wear away the lining of an esophagus, and forcing the esophageal cells to constantly regenerate can lead to defects in those cells, which can lead to cancerous growth. This process can greatly increase the risk of esophageal cancer and can lead to many other health problems, so seeking treatment is an important step in avoiding cancer later.