There are many factors that affect and determine the life expectancy of individuals suffering from melanoma, including the cancer's stageand the patient's age.Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer becauseit is the leading cause of death from skin disease,according to the National Institutes of Health.
A melanoma mayappear on the skin as blemish such as a mole, lump, sore or growth. If the blemish bleeds or changes in color, it may also be indicative of a melanoma. The following ABCDE systemcan also help in recognizing the symptoms.
The system stands for the characteristics that are usually present in melanoma: assymetry, border and color. The letterD stands for the diameter of the growth, which is larger than 6 millimeters, andE stands for evolution because melanomas keeps changing inappearance.
The following are the observed survival rates of individuals suffering from melanomas, according to the 2008 database of theAmerican Joint Committee on Cancer.
- Stage IA: 97 percent 5-year survival rate, 92 percent 10-year survival rate
- Stage IB:92 percent 5 years, 86 percent 10 years
- Stage IIA: 81 percent 5 years, 67 percent 10 years
- Stage IIB: 70 percent 5 years, 57 percent 10 years
- Stage IIC: 53 percent 5 years, 40 percent 10 years
- Stage IIIA: 78 percent 5 years, 68 percent 10 years
- Stage IIIB: 59 percent 5 years, 43 percent 10 years
- Stage IIIC: 40 percent 5 years, 24 percent 10 years