In individuals with achondroplasia, the leading cause of dwarfism in humans, the life expectancy is normal, according to the National Human Genome Research Institute. This condition affects the growth of bones. While it leads to some health concerns, doctors are able to provide care that prevents these conditions from becoming life-threatening.Continue Reading
KidsHealth indicates that as the person with dwarfism grows, there are some potential health problems. Babies suffer an abnormal number of cases of sleep apnea due to the smaller anatomy or a blockage by the adenoids and tonsils. Individuals with dwarfism are also susceptible to weight problems and curvature of the spine.
The National Human Genome Research Institute reports that more than 80 percent of individuals born with achondroplasia are born to parents having normal stature. It is a result of a gene mutation within either the egg or sperm. Such parents have a slight chance of having a second child with the condition. Children born to an individual with a partner without the condition have a one in two chance of having achondroplasia. When both parents have achondroplasia, there is a 50 percent chance of any child they conceive having the condition and a 25 percent chance the child will be of normal stature. Twenty-five percent of the offspring inherit the mutation from both parents in a condition known as homozygous achondroplasia. This condition causes death.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Specific human genetic disorders include cystic fibrosis, Down syndrome, hemophilia, autism and some types of cancer, according to the National Human Genome Research Institute. Additional human genetic disorders include Crohn's disease, thalassemia, sickle cell disease, Parkinson's disease and Marfan syndrome.Full Answer >
There are more than 200 conditions that cause dwarfism, including a mix of hormonal and metabolic disorders and genetic conditions. Skeletal dysplasia, which is the most common form of dwarfism, is a genetic or inherited condition that is characterized by abnormal growth of bones, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
According to Dean Ornish, MD, founder and president of Preventative Medicine Research Institute, it is possible for individuals to slow down and even reverse heart disease. To do so requires those at risk to change what they eat, how much they move, their weight and how they manage their stress.Full Answer >
A person with hydrocephalus can have a normal life expectancy with proper treatment, though the outlook varies widely depending on the cause of the condition, according to MedicineNet. With early medical intervention, children born with hydrocephalus often lead full lives with little or no disability.Full Answer >