Ovarian pain may be caused by ovarian cysts, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease or ovarian tumors, according to WebMD. It is important to have any pain in the ovaries examined by a doctor or gynecologist to rule out serious underlying health conditions.
Ovarian cysts grow inside an ovary when an unfertilized egg fails to release into the corresponding fallopian tube or the sac holding the egg does not dissolve properly after the egg drops, explains WebMD. Many ovarian cysts go unnoticed, but it is possible for them to create extreme pain if they rupture. Endometriosis is a painful disorder that occurs when uterine tissue forms outside of the uterus in other areas of the abdomen. Just like the uterus, endometrial tissue follows a pattern of swelling and bleeding each month, except the discharge forms as scar tissue because it has no way to exit the body.
Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia commonly lead to painful infections in the reproductive organs and cause inflammation. Pelvic inflammatory disease is often accompanied by symptoms such as fever, painful intercourse, difficulty urinating and menstrual irregularities, notes WebMD. Any of these conditions should be assessed by a doctor or gynecologist to receive a proper diagnosis and determine an effective treatment plan.