Laser surgery for kidney stones is a minimally invasive procedure that uses minuscule laser fibers to break stones into tiny pieces that drain effortlessly from the body through a temporary urinary stent, according to the Kidney Stone Clinic. The success rate of laser removal is 90 to 95 percent.
Under general anesthesia, a urologist uses a flexible fiber-optic telescope, called a pyeloscope, inserted through the urethra into the kidney, explains the Kidney Stone Clinic. Though generally completed as a day surgery, in some cases hospitalization occurs. Rare surgical risks include infection, minor bleeding and urethra perforation. Once home, prescription pain medication, an oral antibiotic to prevent infection and water consumption ease recovery. The surgeon removes the stent at a post-surgical follow-up visit.