Laser surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome does not exist, notes the Hand Center of Western Massachusetts. However, low-level laser therapy is a procedure that is still in development as of 2015 and may be useful for treating carpal tunnel syndrome in the future, notes the University of Maryland Medical Center.
When people mistakenly speak of laser surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome, they are usually referring to endoscopic surgery and arthroscopic surgery, according to the Hand Center of Western Massachusetts. These surgeries are used to treat carpal tunnel syndrome, with arthroscopic surgery used to diagnosis the problem, and endoscopic surgery used to treat the problem, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Arthroscopic surgery involves small incisions along the joint areas of the hand. In this surgery, doctors use a camera to view three-dimensional images as the camera moves along the joint, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. This surgery is most useful for doctors who need a better idea of where the patient's carpal tunnel syndrome problems are before performing the endoscopic surgery. Endoscopic surgery involves a tube that also includes a camera, but it also includes a cutting tool, according to WebMD. This cutting tool severs the transverse carpal ligament to help alleviate pressure within the hand, which then eliminates most carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms.